Foot problems and diseases are growing at alarming rates. While most issues can be resolved with topical solutions and medication, others are more intricate and require professional care. These problems also stem from a myriad of causes and should be treated in a timely and effective manner. According to the American Podiatric Medical Association, the following diseases are considered the top foot problems that plague millions of people across the globe.
Fungal and Bacterial Infections
Athlete’s foot is not just relegated to athletes or sports people. In fact, this common ailment affects people of all ages and “walks” of life. Athlete’s foot, of course, results due to our feet spending countless hours in shoes or sneakers. This footwear is warm, dark, and humid, which is perfect for fungus and bacterial spores to grow. If not treated in a timely manner, infections can arise and become increasingly difficult to cure or treat. Without effective and adequate treatment, there could be recurring infections and problems as well. To prevent fungal and bacterial infections, keep your feet clean and dry. This is especially true for the areas between your toes, which are havens for bacteria and sweat. Shoes and socks should also be changed often, while foot powder can eliminate bacteria and offensive odors. If your condition does not go away in 2 weeks, simply see a podiatrist for foot specialist.
Dry skin is synonymous with itching and burning feet. Flakes can also form due to dry or arid skin conditions. To effectively counter this common foot problem, simply use mild soap or moisturizing cream. This will soothe the skin, while revitalizing vital pores. You should also refrain from adding oils to bath water since they can make your feet and bathtub slippery.
Corn and Callouses
Corns and callouses can be painful and irritating. They mainly stem from friction and pressure, which is caused by the bony parts in the feet rubbing against the shoes. For those experiencing persistent corns and calluses, treatments are available. Wearing more comfortable shoes or special pads from Footlogics is a great way to alleviate the pain and tension as well. According to industry-leading podiatrists and foot experts, you should never try to treat or remove calluses on your own. This can cause irreparable harm and damage – especially for those suffering from diabetes and poor circulation. Over the counter treatments contain harmful acids that destroy vital tissue without treating the cause. While you are free to use them in avoiding surgical procedures, you should first consult with your primary care physician.
Warts are as unattractive as they are irritating. At times, plantar warts can even be painful; and if untreated, can spread. Warts emanate from viruses and result in skin growths of varying sizes. Since over the counter meds are not effective in permanently eliminating and eradicating warts, seeing a professional is essential. Doctors can prescribe leading medicines to treat wart conditions, and can even freeze or burn the wart off. If all else fails, surgical procedures for permanent wart removal is available.
Bunions or (Hallux Abducto Valgus) are as common in children as they are in adults. They are formed due to increased motion of the arch region, which results in bumps on the inside of the ball of the foot. Bunions can be painful, and often result in deviation of the big toe against the second toe. Wearing regular shoes can also enhance the pain and strictly limit activities and sports. Growth plate surgical procedures are administered to correct improper bunions or abnormal growth in the feet. This is a minimally evasive procedure and designed for children between 8-13 years of age.
Ingrown toenails do not seem to be a huge for concern. If not treated in a timely and professional manner, however, they can seriously impact the feet and their ability to secure proper balance and motion. Like the name suggests, ingrown toenails are nails that grow sideways rather than forward. They mainly occur from wearing the wrong type of shoes, however, can also stem from injuries and especially banging the toes. In order to tackle this common issue, you will surely need to wear larger sized shoes. This will secure optimal comfort, while allowing the toes to breathe. Remember, ingrown toe nails can affect the surrounding tissues resulting in mild to extreme discomfort. While you can use toe-clippers and scissors to remove the obstructions, having a podiatrist treat them is simply the best way. They have the tools and expertise to safely remove the ingrown nails, while ensuring they do not grow again.
Hammertoes is another common foot problem that affects countless individuals. This is mainly caused by a shortening of the tendons that control toe movements. The toe knuckle gets enlarged, which draws the toe back. If not treated in a timely manner, the joint enlarges and stiffens as it rubs against footwear. This can seriously affect your balance and mobility. While surgery may be required in extensive cases, wearing comfortable shoes and stocks should help treat hammertoe issues.